情态动词的英文法律文本,翻译等应

2011-06-11 11:59 编辑:admin 来源:发表论文 浏览:


Key words: shall; Legal English; Legal Translation Key words:

Modal Verbs in English Law Texts shall increase the use and translation of Xu Qing (Institute of Foreign Languages ​​Department of Sanming, Fujian Sanming 365000) Introduction to the English legal language Shall constitute a major modal verb. When the modal verb shall, as when used in conjunction with the third person, it means obligations, duties, rights, order, privileges and promises and so on. This is the legal profession and English grammar experts recognized. In civil law (including the Chinese legal system) is not a complete translation of such terms can be shall. English law shall in the role of the equivalent of must, have to, be to (do), be required to, is so. However, their translation into Chinese, not only translation of the English Department majors are difficult to grasp, even the teachers in the English legal translation, translation professionals also feel that the term is difficult, and often write hesitation, today.

Shall Shall the use and translation of legal texts in the English major, said "indicative", "Shi is" and "order", "obligations" and "right" and so on. "Random House Law Dictionary" (Random House Webster's Dictionary of the Law) on the legal interpretation shall such as the following three: a, in especially law or judicial interpretation of that order, necessity and mandatory (expressing mandate, necessity or compulsion, especially instatutory or judicial directives). b, expressed its determination, recognition and emphasis (expressing determination, certainty and emphasis). c, said the plans, desires and expectations (expressing futurity, especiallyplan, intention or expectation). From "Random House Law Dictionary" definition, we shall know that "order" when, referring to legal language in the "indicative"; it means "mandatory" in the sense of legal language in the "facilities for sex"; it said "necessity" in the sense of legal language in the "obligations" and "responsibility."

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