Characteristics of Legal English

2011-06-10 10:47 编辑:admin 来源:发表论文 浏览:
Abstract: With the globalization of world economy, the legal English is English as an industry has developed rapidly in China. After a long legal English is evolving judicial practice have unique expression patterns and norms, which in the vocabulary words, sentence structure has distinct characteristics, reflecting the legal language of the professional, dignified, preciseness and accuracy.

Keywords: Legal English; vocabulary; syntax

English law with other social languages, is that people under the social and cultural environment and the communicative purpose, communicative objects such as long-term use of pragmatic factors in the formation of a language variant of the domain. English as a professional English law, different from the ordinary English, has its own distinguishing characteristics. First, the legal characteristics of an English word, meaning the legal profession with common words. Legal English and general English, one important difference is the law used in many common English words often have a specific meaning professionals. For example: do-minion full ownership of the middle finger in the civil law, in international public law was sovereign; estoppel in contract law are not allowed to go back, in Criminal Procedure Law is estoppel. Therefore, the legal English has its own specific meaning and effect of law, can not arbitrarily change the form.

Specific legal jargon. Regulatory role norms of laws and regulations have legal effect mainly through the speech act, speech act that the law realized. Therefore, as the speech act of justice the perpetrators of those legislators and the legal ability and language skills is one of the main features of legal language of dignity and accuracy to be able to convey the legal effect of its intent. It is a special social function of legal language, legal language to make a unique expression of the legal concept of special terms. Such as the plaintiff (the plaintiff), defendant (the defendant), bigamy (felony), de-murrer (defense), etc., these terms have the typical stylistic features of legal language does not usually appear in the other language domains. Old English words used. Increased use of archaic words in English law the sanctity, authority and rigor.

For example: aforesaid (mentioned above), thereby (so), hereinafter (below) and other terms, in addition to English, often outside the law, archaic term now rarely appear in modern English. Only by grasping the meaning of these words, in order to accurately understand the legal text. Foreign words. The vast majority of English vocabulary comes from French and Latin. French far-reaching impact on the English, legal English is no exception. For example: bar (the court ruled Taiwan), verdict (decision) and so on. The basis of contemporary legal English common law, common law is based on the implementation of the Middle Ages the Roman Church of Rome, and Roman law is written and implemented in Latin, so the current law left many Latin words in English is not surprising, For example: alibi (a person not to plead or prove the crime scene), declaration (complaints, statements, testimony). Such as: Everyone has the rigarrestordetention to be informed promptly of the reasons therefore (the Constitution Act 1982). Here the fuzzy word promptly (quickly) on the situation can not be limited quantity, general norms of the law of the main legal acts in force should be embodied scientific law. Paired-type synonyms.

Paired-type widely used in legal English synonyms, the terms of the contract to make the law more flexible, broader scope, to avoid unnecessary disputes and disputes. For example: terms and conditions (Terms), complete and finalunder-standing (full and final understanding), customs fees and du-ties (tariffs), etc., these words of fixed structure, said a specific meaning, can not freely use the open. Syntactic features of English legal terms of complex structure, the frequent use of passive sentences are syntactic features of English law, complex conditions and high frequency of prepositional adverbial clause adds to the legal use of language comprehension difficult. Attributive noun often the connotation and extension of the term precisely defined, and adverbial is defined rights and obligations to fulfill the conditions, manner, place and time. Declarative sentence. As legal instruments are used to confirm the legal relationship between the implementation of legal regulations, the provisions of people's rights and obligations and exclusive statement of the facts of the case documents, so the law is usually the English declarative sentence basic sentence structure. For example, English language norms in the legal documents and legal instruments, the general question, imperative, lamented three sentences category is exclusive.